Kiribati in the spotlight

A national stakeholder's workshop for Kiribati was completed this month to initiate national activities under the Biodiversity and Protected Areas Management (BIOPAMA) Programme. The workshop brought together various stakeholders to discuss national and local level coordination arrangements for protected areas which included protected areas administration and management, verifying capacity needs, determining gaps in protected area information, identifying current national data repositories and the types of data available and stored. Continue reading

BIOPAMA: delivering results since 2012

The BIOPAMA (Biodiversity and Protected Areas Management) Programme was launched in March 2012. Initiated by the Africa, Caribbean and Pacific Group with the support of the European Union, this programme has been delivering results on the ground for better conservation outcomes. Three implementing partners (IUCN, EC-JRC and the ABS Initiative), two components (protected areas and ABS- access and benefit sharing), three continents concerned, more than 400 staff trained and thousands of others interacting with the programme and its solutions for better protected area management. Discover BIOPAMA and its results in this short video.

6 December: A side event at CBD COP 13 in México organized by SPREP profiled the Pacific Islands Protected Area Portal, a collaboration with BIOPAMA.
Pacific Protected Areas Portal at CBD COP 13

The Pacific islands led the way at the thirteenth conference of the convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP13) holding a side event on day one of the global conference. The Pacific Protected Areas Portal (PIPAP) was a big component of the activities showcased towards implementation of Aichi Targets, together with work undertaken by the European Union, Samoa, Fiji, Australia and the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP). Read more

BIOPAMA at the IUCN World Conservation Congress 2016

More than 10,000 top government officials, scientists and civil society leaders convened for the world’s largest environmental and nature conservation event, the IUCN World Conservation Congress, 1-10 September 2016, Hawai’i. The BIOPAMA programme was represented with 30 events and a team of 13 staff. Their results are outline in a new report of the BIOPAMA, European Union and Africa, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Group visibility at the IUCN Congress 2016. Read more here.

Pacific CBD workshop to achive the Aichi targets

The BIOPAMA (Biodiversity and Protected Areas Management) Programme by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) and other partners had a chance to sit with country focal points and talk about the support willingly available to help with this need as well as help them directly during the workshop on interpreting, and updating, their current situation on meeting Targets 11 and 12. Read the news story.

New publication to guide the capacity development efforts in the Pacific

In the Pacific, and in collaboration with Protected Area Working Group partners, BIOPAMA is taking the lead responsibility for developing the Pacific Islands Region Strategy and Action Plan for Capacity Development in Protected and Other Conserved Areas 2015-2020. The strategy and action plan are closely aligned with key principles and directions being established under a new global capacity development framework by the IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA), but tailored to specifically address the distinctive issues, needs and opportunities that occur in the Pacific region. The strategy and action plan are available at this link.


The Capacity Development for Protected and Other Conserved Areas in the Pacific Islands Region, Strategy and Action Framework 2015-2020 has just been launched and it is the result of a joint effort by the Pacific BIOPAMA programme represented by IUCN and regional partners and stakeholders. This strategic document is an important tool for strengthening capacity and proposes a targeted set of actions that are pertinent for the next five years in the context of protected and other conserved areas management in the Pacific. It is also a significant resource to emerge to come from the Pacific Islands Roundtable for Nature Conservation and reflects the collaborative nature of this forum.


The Pacific Islands region has responsibility for 10% of the global ocean surface and hosting the world's largest tuna stocks. Currently, marine protected areas cover just over 2% of the world’s oceans, and only about 1% is strongly protected in no-take marine reserves. In this context, small Pacific Island states with massive ocean territory are taking a global leadership position by establishing and effectively managing large scale marine protected areas and others are making similar pledges. Continue reading


In the Pacific, the Biodiversity and Protected Areas Management (BIOPAMA) programme comes across a number of national and regional projects that have similar aims, particularly for improving the standard of baseline information about protected areas. This feature highlights aspects of the breadth of interaction, trust building and benefits evidence required in order to develop information access and sharing arrangements, supported by a specific example of collaboration between projects and actors in the Solomon Islands. Read more


A series of Pacific regional workshops and gatherings provided an important opportunity to review and enhance the frame for the Pacific protected area agenda, with the participation of numerous regional partners, IUCN commissions and members. The Protected Areas Working Group and the IUCN Regional Conservation Forum represented the occasion to directly engage with the Pacific stakeholders on BIOPAMA initiatives and invite input, exchange and collaboration.



The Oceania region covers over 100 million square kilometres of the Pacific Ocean. Mostly vast ocean expanses, the small Pacific island countries and territories comprise only 2% of the regional area. The Pacific has three recognized global biodiversity hotspots: East Melanesia, New Caledonia and Polynesia-Micronesia, as well as numerous ‘cool spots’ of high regional significance.

The region’s natural heritage unfolds as a rich ecological canvas spanning mountain rainforests and cloud forests, lowland rainforests and open woodlands to open grass savannahs, mangrove and littoral forests, salt marshes and mudflats, freshwater lakes and streams, coastal marine ecosystems and seagrass beds, as well as fringing and barrier reefs and deep ocean areas. The thousands of rocky islets, coral atolls and volcanic islands of the Pacific region host exceptionally high numbers of plant and bird species found nowhere else on earth. However, small islands and their inhabitants have evolved in isolation and are naturally vulnerable when exposed to new ecological threats, such as invasive species and rapid shifts in climate.

Communities in the Pacific are highly dependent on land, coastal and marine resources that form an intrinsic part of their culture, tradition, history, way of life and livelihoods. Any loss of biodiversity has negative effects on food and energy security, health and material wealth and the adequate functioning of ecosystems. It also influences social structures and behaviours.

Main threats and challenges

Some 10 million people live throughout the Pacific island countries and territories of Oceania, with population growth high at over 3%. Moving away from rural and coastal living leads to a reduction in historical and cultural connections to the environment and traditional subsistence practices.

Climate change is arguably the main environmental threat facing the region. Rising sea levels, intensifying storms and ocean acidification are already altering ecosystems and human lifestyles at a noticeable rate.

Overexploitation of natural resources, such as deep sea and coastal fisheries and timber, occurs with limited monitoring of impact. An increase in terrestrial and marine mining interests, commercial scale agriculture and infrastructure development results in habitat degradation and loss. Compounding impacts on natural systems occur when invasive species gain a foothold and quickly out-compete local species that are already struggling under a variety of environmental pressures. 
Human and financial resources for natural resource management are limited, a result of high population growth coupled with low economic growth. Governments in the Pacific are also small, resulting in limited human resource capacity.

Protected areas in the Pacific region

While a few Pacific countries are making great strides toward achieving their terrestrial and marine protected area targets, the average regional protected area coverage is below target and often does not coincide with the most important biodiversity areas. National system planning for protected areas is limited in most countries and management resources and capacity is generally inadequate.

Protected areas in the Pacific region exist under a variety of IUCN categories, tenure and governance models, and other effective conservation measures, and include: formal national reserves and marine parks; customary ownership; recreation, forest and heritage reserves; water catchment and other infrastructure holdings, and privately owned and tourism related areas.

Most significantly, communities in the region, who in most cases are customary owners of the land, inshore areas and natural resources therein, are the lynchpin in achieving wise resource management. This type of conservation practice is well exemplified by the extensive networks of locally managed coastal and marine areas. Some 12,000sq km of community based systems of marine resource management involving over 500 communities in 15 countries and territories contribute to livelihood and conservation objectives based on traditional knowledge and customary tenure and governance.

Against a background of customary use and limited national government resources, the development of suitable co- management arrangements will be an important focus for countries attempting to meet their CBD commitments. Notably, some Pacific countries are making impressive steps to assigning protection status over their marine Exclusive Economic Zones – areas over which they have direct governance powers.